Physiotherapy Treatments

Manual Therapy

A physical treatment involving passive movement of joints, aiming to restore normal movement to them and the surrounding soft tissues. This includes mobilisation as well as manipulation. The benefits include reduced pain and increased movement.


Manipulation of soft tissues (e.g muscles, tendons, ligaments and connective tissues), aiming to normalise fibres and reduce adhesions within these structures, while promoting increased blood flow and healing. The benefits include reduced pain, increased movement and reduced stress.


The insertion of very fine needles through the skin at specific points along certain energy channels on the body (meridians). Whilst Acupuncture is originally a form of Traditional Chinese Medicine, we use their principles in combination with our own understanding and scientific evidence of the human body and its response to pain. Through stimulation of the brain and spinal cord, Acupuncture can help the body to produce its own natural pain-relieving chemicals.

All of the needles are individually sterilised and the treatment is considered to be very safe, with complications extremely rare. The benefits of acupuncture include reduced pain, relaxation and improved sleep patterns. Acupuncture can be very effective in the treatment of many conditions.

Therapeutic Ultrasound

Therapeutic ultrasound has been used by Physiotherapists for over 70 years. There should be no pain or adverse effects from this treatment. It involves high frequency sound waves that pass through the skin, causing vibration in the local tissues. It has been shown to cause increased blood flow and scar tissue breakdown and can help to reduce pain and local swelling. There has been recent controversy regarding the research evidence for ultrasound, however, many patients have sworn by the benefits of this treatment, therefore we feel it is worth continuing.


The application of a thin tape (elastic or rigid) to different areas of the body can give support, reduce pain, increase blood flow and allow you to move more normally without pain. It is used frequently in athletes, but can also be used in many conditions that do not involve sport.

Exercise Prescription

In most conditions, we would advocate an exercise programme as part of your rehabilitation. This could involve simple stretches of tight muscles and awareness of good posture or a more comprehensive gym based programme for someone returning to sport. Exercises are most beneficial if you are able to do them regularly, therefore these will always be tailored to your needs and lifestyle.

Biomechanics & Gait

Biomechanics refers to the way that you move and forces that impact on that (both internally and externally). Gait refers to your walking pattern specifically. Normal movement can be affected by many factors such as poor posture, tight muscles and injuries. A good example would be a painful knee or hip causing you to limp – if you do this for long enough, this becomes your natural walking pattern. If there are any alterations to your biomechanics or gait pattern, we will give you advice and exercises to help to correct this.


Physiotherapy is most successful with teamwork. The treatment you receive from your therapist will ensure you start to feel better, however, what you do every day has a huge impact on your recovery too. As such, we will always give you a self-management programme to work on at home. This will usually include advice on what activities you should/should not be doing. Advice on good posture and positioning at home/work/sport, and a home exercise programme to maintain or enhance the benefits of the treatment you have received.

Sport/Work Specific Rehabilitation Programmes

In many cases an injury or condition can stop you performing to your highest level at work or in sport. This will always be taken into account when planning your rehabilitation programme. 

For Sport, we will ask about sports you participate in and your training schedules. If you play a certain position, we need to know what that involves. We would then plan exercises to ensure you are strengthening/stretching the important muscle groups and in the later stages of your rehabilitation, we can work towards sport specific exercises and drills. No matter what your injury is, there is usually some form of exercise you can do to maintain your fitness and strength during your rehabilitation.

For Work, we will ask about your occupation and what that entails, including working hours and time spent at a desk, travelling, on a production line etc. With a better understanding of the requirements of your role, we can tailor an exercise programme towards more specific goals and can advise on any changes that could be made at your work to assist in your rehabilitation. This could be a work station assessment, lighter duties or even additional equipment.